MMA  Gloves  Produce “4‐5  Times  Greater Peak Force” Than Boxing Gloves

In my ongoing efforts to highlight studies addressing safety issues in combat sports, an interesting study was recently published by Benjamin Lee and Stuart McGill from the Spine Biomechanics Laboratory, at the University of Waterloo (Canada) testing the peak forces caused by MMA gloves contrasted with 16 oz boxing gloves.  The study also reviewed the time to peak force between these gloves along with their patterns of wear during 10,000 strikes.

The study reached the following conclusions:

MMA  gloves  produced  4‐5  times  greater peak force and 5 times faster load rate compared to the boxing glove. However, MMA gloves also showed signs of material fatigue, with peak  force increasing by 35% and rate of loading increasing by 60% over  the duration of  the  test. Boxing glove  characteristics  did  deteriorate  but  to  a  lesser  extent.  In  summary,  the  kinetic  properties  of  MMA  glove  differed substantially from the boxing glove resulting in impacts characterized by higher peak forces and more rapid development of  force. Material properties including stiffness and  thickness play a role in  the kinetic characteristics upon impact, and can be inferred to alter injury mechanisms of blunt force trauma. 

The full study can be found here: Striking dynamics and kinetic properties of boxing and MMA gloves

I asked physicist Jason Thalken, a person who knows a thing or two about the science of striking, for some feedback on the importance of this data who felt that the peak force metric was not nearly as important as the faster time to peak force produced by MMA gloves.  Here are Jason’s comments:

Jason Thalken 1

JAson Thalken 2

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