With the UFC’s first ever event in Nova Scotia comes enhanced media attention with all its ups and downs.
My narrow niche deals with addressing legalities in MMA regulation and to put it mildly, this event is a legal mess. In short, the event must be regulated using traditional boxing rules, and if that is not enough, each fighter must sign a contract stating they will not lose by a low-blow because they will each use “a foul proof guard…sufficient to withstand any so-called low blow” so in other words, fire away!
Here’s the breakdown:
Professional MMA is regulated in Nova Sotia by the Nova Scotia Boxing Authority. The Authority was created by the Boxing Authority Act. While the name indicates this body can only oversee boxing the Nova Scotia Boxing Authority Regulations goes on to define all ‘combat sports‘ as boxing.
The problem, however, is that the regulations fail to create a different rule set for different combat sports. It does not matter if you are fighting MMA, Karate, Jiu Jitsu or Kickboxing, all of these are called ‘boxing’ and, if you want to follow the actual law, you must follow the official regulations. So, for the upcoming UFC Fight Night to comply with Nova Scotia’s actual laws here are some of the fun rules they need to follow
- Regulation 53 – The infamous ‘low blow’ contract needs to be signed by both boxer and promoter, which reads “It is expressly understood that this boxing atch is not to be terminated by a low blow, as any foul-proof guard selected by the Boxer is, in the Boxer’s opinion, sufficient protection to withstand any so-called low blow that might otherwise incapacitate the Boxer” If the contact is not enough they put it right in regulation 146 that “No boxing match shall be terminated by a low blow, as the protectors that are used by boxers are sufficient protection to withstand any low blow that might otherwise incapacitate either of the boxers.“.
- Regulation 78 – Three minute rounds are mandatory for male boxers with 2 minute rounds for females. Bouts must be either 4, 6, 8, or 10 rounds in duration.
- Regulation 84 – The bout must take place in a ring (Pride never die!)
- Regulation 85 – 8 oz gloves are mandatory except in weight classes above 154 lbs which require 10 oz gloves.
- Regulation 117 – 10 counts are required for downed boxers
- Regulation 130 – Boxers must wear custom made chest protectors
- Regulation 148 and 149 – have a host of fouls incomptible with MMA which include
- hitting an opponent who is down
- using a knee against the opponet
- holding an opponent
- deliberately maintaiiig a clinch
- hitting with the butt of the hand, wrist or elbow
- backhand blows
- wrestling or roughing at the ropes
So will these Regulations be followed for UFC Fight Night? Of course not. They will be ignored and something similar to the Unified Rules will, I expect, be used. There is of course no legal authority to do this without formal amendment to the Regulations, however, as has been demonstrated occasionally in the Canadian MMA scene, it is far easier for the government to turn a blind eye to the actual law then make all the amendments needed to properly regulate the sport.
I have written the following e-mail to Hubert Earle, the current Director of Combat Sports at the Nova Scotia Boxing Authority. I will update this article once I have Mr. Earle’s reply -
First let me congratulate your Province for hosting your first UFC event, I hope it is a success.
I am a lawyer who tracks combat sports regulatory matters and have a few questions about the upcoming Halifax card. As I read the NS Boxing Authority Act and Regulations I don’t see the legal framework for using the unified rules or anything similar to these.
I write to inquire which rules will be used for the upcoming event and to request a copy of these. I would also like to know if there have been any formal amendments to the Boxing Authority Act or Regulations or any other legal enactment allowing these rules to be used.
I look forward to your reply